Two Gold Nasturtium Blooms with Red Streaks Against a Bed of Vibrant Green Leaves


Incorporating edible landscape plants into your garden design brings a delightful fusion of utility and beauty to your outdoor living spaces.

Beyond the traditional vegetable garden, many plants that thrive in a landscape setting can offer both aesthetic appeal and delicious bounty.

From fruit-bearing trees to versatile herbs, the options for enhancing your landscape with edibles are vast and varied.

Fruit trees are a cornerstone of an edible landscape, providing shade and structure while yielding fruits for your table.

An Apple Tree in a Home Garden Landscape
An Apple Tree in a Home Garden Landscape

Apple, pear, cherry, and plum trees are popular choices, with many varieties available that are suited to different climates and spaces.

These trees can create focal points in a landscape design, and with the right selection, you can enjoy a succession of blooms and fruits from early spring through late fall.

Berry bushes, such as blueberries, raspberries, and blackberries, add another layer of interest and productivity. They can serve as attractive hedge plants or be incorporated into ornamental beds, offering vibrant foliage and flowers, followed by delicious berries.

Herbs and leafy greens can easily be integrated into flower beds or container arrangements, blending utility with ornamental beauty.

Many herbs, such as lavender, rosemary, and thyme, provide aromatic foliage and flowers that attract pollinators while adding texture and colour variation to the landscape.

Leafy greens like kale, Swiss chard, and edible flowers can be planted among traditional ornamentals to create a tapestry of colours and textures.

Not only do these plants provide fresh ingredients for your kitchen, but they also encourage a more sustainable lifestyle by reducing the need for store-bought produce.

By thoughtfully selecting and positioning edible plants within your landscape, you can create a lush, productive, and aesthetically pleasing garden space that nourishes both the body and the soul.


An edible landscape is a method of landscaping that incorporates food-producing plants and trees into garden designs.

It’s a creative way to blend the aesthetic appeal of traditional landscaping with the practical benefits of growing your own food.

This approach to gardening also encourages a harmonious balance between nature and nutrition, turning ornamental gardens into bountiful spaces.

Unlike conventional gardens that segregate the vegetable patch from the rest of the landscape, edible landscaping integrates these elements, making them both functional and decorative.

Edible landscape plants can range from a few fruit trees to herb borders to commonly grown perennials and annuals that are surprisingly edible.

These can be incorporated into existing garden layouts or you can design a complete garden where almost every plant serves a culinary purpose.

This practice not only enhances the beauty of outdoor spaces but also promotes sustainability by reducing dependency on commercially grown produce.

Edible landscaping is not just about the practicality of growing food; it’s also about reimagining the potential of green spaces in urban and residential areas.

It invites gardeners to think creatively about how they use their land, encouraging biodiversity and fostering a closer connection to the food we eat.

An Herb Garden Growing on a Balcony

Whether it’s a small urban balcony adorned with potted herbs or a sprawling backyard orchard, edible landscapes offer a versatile and enriching approach to gardening that benefits both the environment and our plates.

An Herb Garden Growing on a Balcony


Edible ornamental plants offer the perfect blend of beauty and functionality to any garden or landscape. These plants not only enhance the aesthetic appeal of a space but also provide a sustainable source of home-grown food.

By incorporating edible ornamentals into your garden, you can enjoy the dual benefits of cultivating plants that are pleasing to the eye and nourishing to the body.

One surprising example of an edible ornamental is the hosta. Known for their brilliant and varied colours and leaf patterns, these are popular shade plants in the west.

But in other parts of the world, they are grown for their tender, new leaves which are often used in commonly enjoyed dishes, replacing lettuces and other leafy greens as they impart an asparagus-type flavour.

Another example is the Nasturtium, with its bright, trumpet-shaped flowers that are both spicy and peppery in flavour, adding a decorative and tasty element to salads.


Incorporating edible ornamentals into your garden requires the same basic care as traditional ornamental plants – adequate sunlight, water, and soil nutrition.

A Mother and Child Caring for an Edible Garden

However, it’s essential to avoid chemical pesticides and fertilizers that could harm your own health. Instead, opt for organic gardening practices to ensure your edible ornamentals are safe to consume.

A Mother and Child Caring for an Edible Garden


Edible plants and flowers have long been an integral part of culinary traditions around the world, offering unique flavours, textures, and nutritional benefits.

These natural ingredients can transform ordinary dishes into extraordinary culinary experiences, adding both visual appeal and depth of flavour.

From aromatic herbs to vibrant flowers, the variety of edible plants available for culinary use is vast, each with unique characteristics and uses.

These plants are not just prized for their colourful flowers and vibrant foliage. Edible flowering plants such as nasturtiums, violets, and lavender bring a splash of colour and a hint of elegance to dishes.

These and other edible landscape plants can be used in everything from salads and soups to desserts and cocktails, offering a subtle range of flavours from sweet to spicy.

Disclaimer: This listing is for informational purposes only. Any risk of allergy should be researched by the reader before consumption.


Edible annuals are a fascinating group of plants that complete their life cycle, from seed to seed, within a single growing season.

This characteristic makes them a staple in gardens, especially for those looking to maximize their yield of fruits, vegetables, and herbs within a year.

Not only do they provide a bountiful harvest, but they can also add a burst of colour and variety to the garden landscape, making them as aesthetically pleasing as they are functional.

Incorporating edible annuals into a garden plan is a smart strategy for anyone interested in sustainable living or simply looking to enjoy fresh, homegrown produce.

With proper care, which includes adequate sunlight, water, and soil nutrients, these plants can yield an impressive harvest.

Moreover, they can be interplanted with perennials and biennials to create a dynamic, year-round garden space.

Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or a novice, edible annuals offer a rewarding and delicious addition to your gardening endeavours.



Nasturtiums are vibrant, versatile plants known for their bright, trumpet-shaped flowers and rounded, lily pad-like leaves. These are not just edible, but delightful flavour additions to the profile of many culinary creations.

Edible Orange and Yellows Nasturtiums with Vibrant Green Leaves
Edible Orange and Yellows Nasturtiums with Vibrant Green Leaves

Both the flowers and leaves of nasturtium plants can be eaten, offering a peppery experience similar to that of watercress or arugula.

The vibrant flowers range in colour from yellow to orange and deep red, adding a splash of colour and a subtle spicy taste to salads, sandwiches, and garnishes.

If a nice charcuterie is more your speed, try swapping the crackers out for nasturtium leaves. That pop of pepper is a delight for the taste buds when filled with sweet fruits or tangy cheeses.

Nasturtiums are not only celebrated for their aesthetic and culinary uses but also for their ease of cultivation. They thrive in sunny locations with well-drained soil, although they are known to tolerate poorer soils and partial shade.

This adaptability, coupled with their ability to attract beneficial insects and fend off pests, makes them a favourite among gardeners.

In addition to their culinary uses, nasturtiums are rich in vitamins A, C, and D, making them a flavourful and nutritious go-to for chefs as well.


(Viola tricolour var. hortensis)

Pansies are charming, flowering plants noted for their wide range of vibrant colours and distinctive patterns. Often featuring a unique face-like appearance in the center of each bloom.

Edible, Yellow and Purple Pansies Growing in a Flower Bed
Edible, Yellow and Purple Pansies Growing in a Flower Bed

Aside from their decorative use in flower beds and pots, pansies have also found their way into the world of culinary meditations and creations.

The flowers are edible and often used as a garnish or decoration in salads, desserts, and drinks, adding a splash of colour and a mild, sweet-tart flavour.

Pansies are particularly popular in fine dining establishments and among culinary enthusiasts who appreciate the aesthetic value they add to presentations.

Beyond their decorative appeal, pansies contain vitamins A and C, though in small amounts, which can contribute to the nutritional value of the dishes they adorn.

Pansies thrive in cooler temperatures, making them an excellent choice for spring and fall gardens in many regions.

They can even withstand frost and brief periods of freezing temperatures, which makes them stand out in a garden that transitions from winter to spring. Ideally, pansies should be planted in locations that offer them partial to full sunlight.

While they can tolerate a range of light conditions, too much shade can reduce blooming and lead to leggy plants. Aim for a spot that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight daily for optimal growth and flower production.


(Calendula officinalis)

Native to the Americas, marigolds are vibrant and diverse flowering plants that have spread across the globe, thanks to their easy cultivation and the popularity of their bright, cheerful blooms.

A Close-Up of Orange and Burnt Amber Coloured Marigolds.
A Close-Up of Orange and Burnt Amber Coloured Marigolds.

Marigolds are renowned not only for their beauty but also for their utility in gardens as companion plants, thanks to their ability to repel pests and attract beneficial insects.

These annuals complete their life cycle in one growing season, from seed to flower to seed again. This trait makes them an excellent choice for adding quick colour to garden beds, borders, and containers.

They are also relatively drought-resistant and can thrive in a variety of soil types, although they prefer well-drained, fertile ground.

Marigolds are indeed edible and have been used in culinary practices across various cultures for centuries. These vibrant flowers are not only aesthetically pleasing but also offer a citrusy, spicy flavour, making them a unique addition to salads, garnishes, and even as primary ingredients in certain dishes.

The petals, known as “poor man’s saffron,” can be sprinkled on soups, pasta, or desserts for a splash of colour and a hint of flavour.

When consuming marigolds, however, it’s important to ensure they are of a variety known to be safe for eating and that they haven’t been treated with pesticides or other chemicals unsafe for consumption.

The most commonly consumed species is Tagetes erecta (Aztec marigold) and Tagetes patula (French marigold). Always verify the species and consult with a professional if you’re unsure about the safety of a particular plant.


(Borago officinalis)

Originating from the Mediterranean region, borage is a fascinating herb that is appreciated around the world for its beautiful blue, star-shaped flowers as well as its culinary and medicinal applications.

Brilliant Blue Borage Flowers on Tall Stems Blooming Above a Bed of Deep Green Leaves
Brilliant Blue Borage Flowers on Tall Stems Blooming Above a Bed of Deep Green Leaves

Not only is borage an attractive addition to gardens, but it also plays a vital role as a companion plant in vegetable gardens, attracting pollinators and improving the growth and flavour of nearby plants.

Culinary enthusiasts often seek out borage for its edible leaves and flowers. The leaves, which have a subtle cucumber-like taste, can be used in salads, soups, and other dishes for a fresh, green experience.

The striking blue flowers are not only edible but also make an eye-catching garnish for salads or summer cocktails, when dropped in ice cube trays, and are commonly crystallized for decorations on desserts

The young leaves of borage can be cooked similarly to spinach, offering a mild, refreshing taste. Due to the downy texture of mature foliage, it’s often preferred to use the younger, more tender leaves.

To achieve vibrant flavour and colour, full sunlight is crucial for lush, healthy growth and maximum flower production.

That being said, borage can also tolerate partial shade, especially in hot, dry climates, where afternoon shade can prevent the plant from bolting—that is, going to seed prematurely.

Although borage is relatively drought-tolerant once established, it performs best when the soil is kept evenly moist, especially during the flowering and seed development stages.


(Alcea rosea)

Hollyhock is a genus of roughly 60 species of flowering plants that are well-known for their tall, elegant spikes adorned with large, colourful blooms that range from white and yellow to pink and deep, dark red.

Bright Pink Hollyhock Flowers Open Toward the Sun Along Tall, Upward Reaching Green Stalks
Bright Pink Hollyhock Flowers Open Toward the Sun Along Tall, Upward Reaching Green Stalks

Hollyhocks are biennial plants that can reach heights of up to 2 to 3 meters (6 to 9 feet), making them a striking addition to any garden setting.

For their practical uses, hollyhocks are attractive to pollinators like bees and butterflies, making them an excellent choice for eco-friendly gardening and for supporting biodiversity.

Growing hollyhocks is relatively straightforward, as they prefer full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. They are often planted along fence lines or as a backdrop in garden borders due to their height and dramatic presence.

While not as commonly consumed as some other edible flowers, hollyhock petals are indeed edible and can be used to add a splash of colour and a mild, sweet flavour to various delicacies.

These include jams and jellies, elegant and innovative hors d’oeuvres, or stuffed (as with squash blossoms) with a variety of meats and vegetables.

A range of colourful petals can be used fresh in salads, as garnishes, or dried and added to herbal teas. Their vibrant hues make them an excellent choice for decorating cakes and desserts as well.

Other parts of the plant, such as the leaves and roots, are not typically eaten as they can be tough and fibrous.


Edible perennials are a cornerstone of sustainable landscaping and gardening, offering a multitude of benefits for both the garden and the gardener.

Unlike annuals, which complete their life cycle in a single season, perennials return year after year, reducing the need for replanting and the resources associated with it.

This characteristic makes them an environmentally friendly choice, as they require less water and fertilizer over time. Moreover, edible perennials often have deep root systems that help improve soil structure, reduce erosion, and enhance the soil’s ability to retain water.

One of the greatest advantages of incorporating edible perennials into your garden is the variety and the extended harvesting season they provide.

From early spring offerings to late autumn harvests, edible perennials can provide a steady supply of fresh ingredients.

To successfully integrate edible perennials into your garden, it’s important to consider the specific needs of each plant in terms of sunlight, water, and soil type.

Planning for biodiversity can also enhance the garden’s ecosystem, attracting beneficial insects and promoting a healthy, productive garden space.

With thoughtful selection and care, edible perennials can transform any garden into a bountiful and sustainable source of food, year after year, while also contributing to the beauty and ecological health of the garden environment.

Disclaimer: This listing is for informational purposes only. Any risk of allergy should be researched by the reader before consumption.


(Glebionis Coronaria)

Garland chrysanthemums are a species of flowering plant renowned for their bright, daisy-like flowers which can range in colour from white to yellow and sometimes with a vibrant splash of purple.

Gleaming White Garland Chrysanthemums with Warm, Yellow Centers
Gleaming White Garland Chrysanthemums with Warm, Yellow Centers

In the culinary world, the young stems and leaves of the garland chrysanthemum are noted as the most tender and flavourful and are highly prized, especially in Asian cuisines.

Known as “Shungiku” in Japanese, these leaves are often used in salads, soups, and stir-fries for their unique, slightly bitter flavour and nutritional benefits, including high levels of vitamins A and C, calcium, and potassium.

In Asian-inspired dishes, garland chrysanthemum foliage can be prepared in a multitude of ways. They can be served as a refreshing salad, lightly blanched or stir-fried with garlic for a quick and flavourful side dish, or added to soups and hot pots where they lend a subtle bitterness that complements the broth’s savoury depth.

Unlike the leaves from other plants discussed here, garland chrysanthemum leaves also freeze and dry well for later use. These can then be ground down into flour to add some extra nutrition to bread recipes.

Garland chrysanthemums flourish with at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Yet, in hotter climates, some afternoon shade can help protect the plants from excessive heat stress.

Aim to keep the soil around them evenly moist, but not waterlogged, and their soil should be well-draining and fertile.

When this edible type of chrysanthemum begins to flower, keep in mind that the leaves will become too bitter-tasting for a pleasing meal. Leaves from young shoots are best. 


(Pelargonium graveolens)

Scented geraniums are celebrated not only for their visual appeal but also for their aromatic foliage, which can range in scent from lemon to apple, mint, rose, and even chocolate.

Scented Geranium Flowers with Lavendar Petals and Purple Detailing Rise From a Bed of Lush, Green, Scalloped Leaves
Scented Geranium Flowers with Lavendar Petals and Purple Detailing Rise From a Bed of Lush, Green, Scalloped Leaves

This unique characteristic makes them a favourite among gardeners and plant enthusiasts who seek to add a sensory dimension to their gardens or indoor spaces.

Originating from the African continent, these plants have been cultivated around the world for centuries, not only for their beauty and fragrance but also for their use in culinary applications.

The leaves of scented geraniums can be used to flavour jellies, teas, and baked goods. Rose geraniums, in particular, impart a more sophisticated note to puddings, cakes and jellies. While those with a lemon scent add a touch of citrusy heaven to salads, ices and teas.

Their versatility and ease of care also make them a popular choice for container arrangements, herb gardens, and as houseplants.

Scented geraniums thrive and bloom with plenty of sunlight, well-draining soil, and regular watering, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between waterings.

They thrive in warm, sunny conditions but can also adapt to partial shade. Pruning is recommended to encourage bushy growth and to maintain the desired shape.


(Lavandula spp.)

Lavender is revered for its enchanting fragrance and delicate purple blossoms. Not only is this pretty plant a feast for the senses, it has a rich history and a wide array of culinary uses.

Short Spikes of Lavender Blooms atop a Bed of Sage Green Foliage
Short Spikes of Lavender Blooms atop a Bed of Sage Green Foliage

Originating from the Mediterranean, Middle East, and India, lavender thrives in dry, sunny climates, making it a popular choice for xeriscape gardens and water-efficient landscapes.

Key to lavender’s success is full sun exposure. These plants flourish under the generous embrace of at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. This not only intensifies their fragrance but also contributes to the health and vibrancy of their blooms.

All lavender varieties prefer well-drained, sandy or gritty soil with a neutral to slightly alkaline pH level. Overwatering is a common pitfall that can harm lavender plants. These drought-tolerant perennials require minimal watering once established.

In the culinary realm, lavender flowers and leaves can be used fresh or dried to flavour various dishes and beverages, imparting a subtle, floral note that is both distinctive and delightful.

Lavender’s buds and leaves are the parts most commonly used in cooking, offering a slightly sweet flavour profile. Pairing them with fennel, oregano, rosemary, thyme, sage, and savoury only enhances their elegant effect.

It is a popular ingredient in baking and is often found in recipes for scones, shortbread, and other desserts. Lavender also pairs beautifully with savoury dishes, such as roasted meats, and can be used in marinades, rubs, or as a garnish.

Additionally, lavender-infused syrups and sugars can elevate beverages, ranging from teas and lemonades to cocktails.



Hostas are widely appreciated for their broad, often variegated leaves in shades of green, blue, gold, and white, which can brighten up shady spots in gardens where other plants might struggle.

New Hosta Shoots and Leaves of Bright, Light Green with Deep Ribbing
New Hosta Shoots and Leaves of Bright, Light Green with Deep Ribbing

Hostas are actually edible when young. In fact, certain cultures have been incorporating them into their cuisine safely for centuries.

The taste of hosta shoots and leaves is often described as being similar to that of lettuce or asparagus, albeit with a slightly more bitter undertone that is similar to broccoli rabe.

They can be eaten raw in salads, where their crisp texture can be thoroughly enjoyed or cooked in a variety of ways—blanched, sautéed, or even grilled.

Cooking tends to mellow the bitterness, making a versatile green addition to many dishes. It’s important to note, however, that not all hosta varieties may taste the same.

The flavour can vary slightly from one type to another. The buds and flowers of all varieties, however, are delicious sauteed in a bit of butter, steamed as a green side dish or fried in tempura.

Hostas are incredibly diverse, with hundreds of species and thousands of cultivars available, each exhibiting unique sizes, leaf shapes, and textures. Beyond their visual appeal, they are also prized for their hardiness.

They can thrive in a range of climates, although they prefer shady areas and need protection from direct afternoon sun to prevent their leaves from scorching.

Soil quality and moisture are equally important for hostas. They prefer rich, well-draining soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH.

10. ROSE

(Rosa rubiginosa)

Roses symbolize love, honour, faith, beauty, and passion and include thousands of cultivars, ranging in colour from white through various tones of yellow and pink to dark crimson and maroon.

An Elegant, Deep Pink Rose atop a Slender, Green, Multi-Leaved Stem
An Elegant, Deep Pink Rose atop a Slender, Green, Multi-Leaved Stem

While most commonly used to add a sense of elegance to garden beds, roses are actually related to lots of other healthy snacks that we’re familiar with like almonds, apples, apricots, peaches and plums.

Where the leaves of some of the other plants on our list are delicious, rose leaves wouldn’t make for a good addition to foods due to their sharp edges and bitter taste. But, they are fantastic when dried and mixed in a lovely tea blend. 

The petals are the most commonly consumed part of the rose, often used in salads, teas, desserts, and syrups. They can also be candied or used as elegant garnishes. Rose water and rose hip jam are popular products derived from roses.

Rose hips, the fruit of the rose plant, are particularly high in vitamin C and can be brewed into tea or made into jellies and sauces.

To cultivate roses that burst into lush blooms, well-drained soil enriched with organic matter. is vital This ensures that their roots, which despise waterlogging, are nestled in an environment that balances moisture retention with adequate drainage.

Light is another critical factor. At least six hours of direct sunlight each day will provide the ample light necessary for vigorous growth and development of vibrant, well-formed blooms.

However, in regions with intensely hot climates, roses may benefit from a bit of afternoon shade to protect them from the scorching sun.

A consistent watering schedule, ideally in the morning, helps the plants stay hydrated without leaving foliage wet into the night, which can invite fungal diseases.

With the right blend of soil, sunlight, water, and care, roses can transform any garden into a vibrant palette of colours and fragrances.


Incorporating edible plants into your landscape is a smart and sustainable approach to gardening that offers numerous benefits.

It allows you to enjoy fresh, home-grown produce, enhancing your diet with fruits, vegetables, and herbs that are free from pesticides and chemical fertilizers.

This not only improves your health but also provides a sense of accomplishment and connection to your food source. The convenience and satisfaction of having these ingredients at your fingertips cannot be overstated.

Moreover, edible landscaping is a step towards a more sustainable and eco-friendly lifestyle. By growing your own food, you reduce your carbon footprint associated with the transportation and packaging of store-bought produce.

An Edible Rooftop Garden Growing with an Urban Landscape in the Background

Edible plants often require the same amount of water and care as ornamental plants, yet they offer the added benefit of producing food, making them a more efficient use of resources.

An Edible Rooftop Garden Growing with an Urban Landscape in the Background

Additionally, diversifying your garden with edible plants can promote biodiversity, attracting beneficial insects and pollinators, which are crucial for a healthy ecosystem.

From an aesthetic perspective, edible plants can add beauty and variety to your landscape. Unique textures, colours, and forms can enhance the visual appeal of your garden.

For instance, the vibrant flowers of garland chrysanthemums, roses and lavender can serve as decorative elements while serving a culinary function.

Most edible garden plants and flowers need to be used shortly after picking. But, some can also be frozen for future use. Such as during long winters winter, when picking them fresh isn’t possible.

Whether it’s incorporating berry bushes into your flower beds or using trellised beans as a green screen, the possibilities are endless.

However…before you eat any plant or flower, do your research. Make absolutely sure that the plant you have in mind is actually edible and that it doesn’t contain ANYTHING harmful or something you may be allergic to. 


What are the best edible bushes for landscaping?

Incorporating edible bushes into your landscaping not only beautifies your outdoor space but also provides a bountiful harvest, blending aesthetics with practicality.

Among the best edible bushes to consider are blueberries, known for their bright, spring blossoms, nutritious summer berries and jewel-toned, autumn foliage.

Another exceptional choice is the raspberry bush. Available in various colours, including red, black, and golden, each has its own unique flavour profile and can serve as an attractive hedge or border while offering the bonus of fresh berries.

For those interested in a more exotic flair, goji berries offer both a nutritional punch and landscape beauty. Known for their health benefits, these bushes produce bright red berries and can adapt to a wide range of soil types, though they flourish best in well-drained, alkaline soil.

These edible shrub options, among others, can mature to a substantial size. This means fewer plants to purchase for your landscape. As well as less upkeep and potentially costly water and fertilizer expenses.

What is the most versatile, edible landscape plant?

Arguably, the most versatile edible landscape plant is the blueberry bush. This choice stems from its multi-seasonal appeal, nutritional benefits, and adaptability to various garden design styles.

During spring, the blueberry bush captivates with its delicate white or pink flowers, providing an early nectar source for pollinators. As the seasons progress, the lush green foliage of summer gives way to an autumnal display of fiery reds and purples, offering visual warmth as the days grow shorter.

Beyond its aesthetic value, the blueberry bush yields fruits that are both delicious and packed with antioxidants, vitamins, and fiber, making it a powerhouse of nutritional benefits.

It can be used as a standalone specimen, grouped for a hedging effect, or incorporated into mixed borders alongside other shrubs and perennials.

Its compact growing habit allows it to thrive even in containers, making blueberry bushes accessible to those with limited space.

Moreover, with varieties suited to nearly every climate, gardeners across a wide range of zones can enjoy the benefits of growing blueberries.


A Pink Fuchsia Plant in a Lush Garden in Front of a White House and Patio Chair
A Pink Fuchsia Plant in a Lush Garden in Front of a White House and Patio Chair